A sustainable neighborhood proposal with its modest scale, which is built on an intersection fed by the contrast between the planned structure of the city and the natural structure of Altınordu, is presented. The designed houses have been produced based on local architectural references in the structural context and natural building data as a campus mentality. This project, which exists at the threshold between nature and the city; It is aimed to build a bridge between Nature - Human relations, whose ties are weakening day by day.
About the Architectural Design Report and the Project
It is an explanatory document for the project work, which is based on the theme of "joining" with the concept of "Neighborhood" prepared in the area with Housing, Trade, Special equipment areas in Nizamettin neighborhood in Altınordu district of Ordu. Compliance with the criteria determined by the design report is of great importance in the processes of considering the field holistically and developing it through a holistic design approach.
With the theme of "COMING-(ADDITIONAL)-LEMPING", a sustainable neighborhood proposal with a modest scale, which is built on an intersection fed by the contrast between the planned building texture of the city and the natural structure of Altınordu, is presented. The designed houses have been produced in accordance with the local architectural references in the structural context and the natural building data as the campus mentality. This project, which exists on the threshold between nature and human, has been explained in detail.
While living a hunter-nomadic life throughout history, human beings used the land to domesticate animals to buy products; started to engage in agricultural activities. Families cultivating their land as a source of livelihood; They came together to form a society to be stronger against dangers by living together, to produce more with less effort and to complete each other's deficiencies, and cities began to emerge after this stage. Societies that have begun to gather around common interests in certain physical spaces have started the urbanization process by contributing to the growth of cities. In the following times, the increasing population in narrow areas with urbanization and the diversified needs caused the production to be concentrated in the city, and the intensity of use of the space also increased.
Urban areas exposed to dense settlements have turned into places where people have to live rather than places where they can live. cities; It should be defined as a large space that differentiates what it receives from nature and can create a different urban climate even from its closest surroundings, not just the living center that houses the building blocks, streets, vehicles and people. It was emphasized that lifestyles have a key role in the process of production, consumption and spatial patterns.
As a result of all these efforts to apply sustainability to cities; Today, concepts such as sustainable cities, sustainable urban development, sustainable human settlements, eco-cities, livable cities, green cities have emerged that have close meanings to each other. A sustainable city is a city where socioeconomic interests are aligned with environmental and energy concerns in order to ensure sustainable change. Today, all concepts from safe water resources to suitable housing conditions, from employment to quality of life and participation are considered as fundamental rights in sustainable urbanization.
Region, History, Structure
Ordu province, which is located in the Eastern Black Sea Region of the Black Sea Region, is surrounded by the Black Sea in the north, Sivas and Tokat in the south, Samsun in the west and Giresun in the east. It has lands in the Central and Eastern Black Sea regions and is generally mountainous, with Canik and Eastern Black Sea mountains. Ordu was established in a small bay in a narrow area between the Canik Mountains, which is one of the branches of the North Anatolian mountains extending parallel to the Black Sea coast in the east-west direction, and the Black Sea.
In the province, which has a 96.56 km long coast to the Black Sea, there are small coves and gulfs where sea vehicles can easily take shelter. There are alluvial plains in places formed by large and small rivers such as Melet, Civil Stream, Akçaova Stream over Ordu province.
In the central geography of Ordu province, there are generally mountainous, perpendicular and parallel canyons to the sea. There are eastern spruce stands in the texture part of the Melet River in the center, and black pine and coniferous stands in the higher parts. Beginning from the west coast of the Melet basin, there are small stands of alder, chestnut, hornbeam and eastern beech, apart from the agricultural lands. In agricultural lands, there are usually hazelnut plants in the form of a tree.
The annual average wind speed in the city is 35.7 m/s and its direction is west. However, the prevailing wind direction is west-southwest and south in the first degree, and north-northeast in the second degree.
The annual precipitation amount is 1,144.5 mm in total, the highest precipitation is observed in November with 215.5 mm, and the least precipitation is observed in August with 40.7 mm. The total number of rainy days is 153. The total number of snow-covered days is 21, and the total number of frosty days is 14.
48% of Ordu province consists of areas with high slope values. 45% of this rate has slope values of 30-70%, and 3% have slope values of 70% and above. Areas of the province with high slope values; It is located in the eastern part, in the northeast direction and in the west of the province, on the border parts of the province.
Topography of any region, street texture, especially housing It has a significant effect on the physical formation of architectural works. Altınordu reflects a rough feature in terms of topography. The historical urban fabric of Altınordu mostly consists of large building areas. Transportation to the inner parcels in large building blocks is very common in traditional Turkish cities.
The fact that the settlement was established on a slope, the existence of dead-end streets and the fact that the parcels were not aligned created a rich and organic urban texture in terms of perspective.
Interpretation of the concept of neighborhood
By putting the neighborhood relations of the residential units, which have building blocks that form vistas at different levels and offer perspectives in various sections, in the first place, a neighborhood proposal that creates a holistic neighborhood with determined local references is presented, while hosting surprise spaces that allow encounters.
Altınordu central district has been chosen as the intervention area with its preserved historical buildings, which clearly contain the rural and urban structuring texture. Altınordu district is located in a narrow region stretching in the east-west direction and compressed on the coast by the Eastern Black Sea mountain ranges, whose height exceeds 3000 meters. Generally mountainous, perpendicular and parallel canyons to the sea are dense. Coastal tourism has also started to spread to its green texture with the limited structure of the areas suitable for settlement today. Considering the current growth state of the district, with the aim of including the three main landscape layers of the city (Sea-City-Green Nature) close to the center and historical (Taşbaşı campus) texture, suitable for the traditional settlement style, integrated with the topography, and the city; Nizamettin District, located on the western border of the district and presenting the 'city-nature' intersection, has been deemed suitable as the project area.
The local urban texture is designed with a traditional articulation setup. A texture that carries the spirit of the place, preserves today's contemporary design mind while protecting local values, and has sustainability concerns for the future has been constructed.
Project area attributes
Due to the location of the Nizamettin neighborhood, it dominates the sea-city-green landscape layers offered by the city of Ordu. The topographic structure of the land, its ridge characteristic, the variety of vista it has by allowing the traditional construction texture, have had an impact on the orientation of the residences.
When the traditional Black Sea settlement pattern is examined, it has been determined that there are certain elements that stand out. These elements formed the general design decisions of the project and enabled the formation of a common language at the neighborhood scale. As a result of blending the decisions taken with contemporary architectural principles, it was aimed to design contemporary residences with traditional references.
Building-scale design decisions
The relationship between the common living space and the sofa, which is taken as a reference from the Traditional Turkish House Typology, has been examined and interpreted in a way that will respond to today's architectural needs. It is aimed to transfer the unusual usage scenarios of the total space and the sofa to the project without breaking the traditional ties. While the relationship between the bay window and the street in the constructed structures is reinterpreted as semi-open, open and closed, with different scenarios; It also offers new experiences with material and opaque-transparent light transitions in the perception of people on the street at eye level.
Solutions on the concept of sustainability have been solved at the structure scale. The stone and wood used in the building are the materials used in traditional Black Sea houses and it was decided to use them in the facade system. In order to turn the climatic conditions into an advantage, energy recycling is provided by the use of rainwater collection-distribution mechanical system and the use of solar panels in order to obtain efficiency from daylight on the roofs.